Fundulopanchax Killifish

Fundulopanchax is a genus of west central African killifish commonly found in the aquarium hobby.  There are thirty (30) species in the fundulpanchax genus.  Fp. are substrate spawners.  The Fp. Gardneri is often one of the first species kept by those starting out with killifish, because they are easy to keep, breed, raise their fry and they come in a variety of colors and populations.

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Most commonly available fundulopanchax species

Fp. Amieti

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 Native Habitat: Central Africa: Cameroon


Temperature Range: 64 - 74°F, ideal range 68 - 72°F

pH:  6.0 - 7.0

dH:    5 - 12

Adult Size: 2.5"  


Temperament:  Males are a little aggressive, certainly when breeding with females.  Therefore best kept in trios, rather than pairs.   


Feeding:  Some flake foods (TetraMin) high in protein and adult brine shrimp, freeze dried foods (Bloodworms, Daphnia, Tubifex & Brine Shrimp) along with live foods such as grindal worms, white worms, Daphnia, Moina, and newly hatch brine shrimp nauplii


Colors and Populations: (28)

Most Common: C89/31 Edea-Yaounde

Fp. Arnoldi

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 Native Habitat: Central Africa: Niger Delta


Temperature Range: 72 - 83°F, ideal range 74 - 80°F

pH:  5.8 - 7.2

dH:    5 - 12

Adult Size: 2.5"  


Temperament:  Males are a little aggressive, certainly when breeding with females.  Fp. Arnoldi are a bit delicate, so they are not good candidates for those getting started with kilifish and certainly not for the beginning aquarium hobbyist.   


Feeding:  Some flake foods (TetraMin) high in protein and adult brine shrimp, freeze dried foods (Bloodworms, Daphnia, Tubifex & Brine Shrimp)  along with live foods such as grindal worms, white worms, Daphnia, Moina, and newly hatch brine shrimp nauplii


Colors and Populations: (6)

Most Common: Ughelli

Fp. Filamentosum

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 Native Habitat: Central Africa: Togo, Benin, Nigeria


Temperature Range: 68 - 74°F, ideal range 68 - 72°F

pH:  6.5 - 7.0

dH:    5 - 12

Adult Size: 2.5"  


Temperament:  Peaceful 


Feeding:  Some flake foods (TetraMin) high in protein and adult brine shrimp, freeze dried foods (Bloodworms, Daphnia, Tubifex & Brine Shrimp) along with live foods such as grindal worms, white worms, Daphnia, Moina, and newly hatch brine shrimp nauplii


Colors and Populations: (14)

Most Common: Benin and Ijebu Ode

Fp. Gardneri/Nigeranus (Most Commonly Available Kililfish)

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 Native Habitat: Central Africa: Nigeria


Temperature Range: 68 - 80°F, ideal range 72 - 78°F

pH:  6.0 - 7.5

dH:    4 - 8

Adult Size: 2.5"  


Temperament:  Peaceful   


Feeding:  Some flake foods (TetraMin) high in protein and adult brine shrimp, freeze dried foods (Bloodworms, Daphnia, Tubifex & Brine Shrimp) , along with live foods such as grindal worms, white worms, Daphnia, Moina, and newly hatch brine shrimp nauplii


Colors and Populations: (24)

Most Common: P82, Innidere, Misaje', Jos Plateau

Fp. Sjoestedti

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 Native Habitat: Central Africa: Nigeria and Cameroon


Temperature Range: 74 - 80°F, ideal range 76 - 78°F

pH:  6.0 - 8.0

dH:    6 - 12

Adult Size: 5.25"  


Temperament:  Like Fp. Fallax, Males are are large and aggressive, certainly when breeding with females.  Not a good first killifish, nor for those beginning the aquarium hobby.   


Feeding:  Some flake foods (TetraMin) high in protein and adult brine shrimp, freeze dried foods (Bloodworms, Daphnia, Tubifex & Brine Shrimp) , along with live foods such as grindal worms, white worms, Daphnia, Moina, and newly hatch brine shrimp nauplii


Colors and Populations: (10)

Most Common: Dwarf Red, Funge, Lagos, Loe', Warri

Fp. Walkeri

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Native Habitat: Central Africa: Ghana and Ivory Coast


Temperature Range: 64 - 74°F, ideal range 68 - 72°F

pH:  6.0 - 7.4

dH:    5 - 10

Adult Size: 2.6"  


Temperament:  Aggressive.  Therefore best kept in species specific aquariums.


Feeding:  Some flake foods (TetraMin) high in protein and adult brine shrimp, freeze dried foods (Bloodworms, Daphnia, Tubifex & Brine Shrimp) along with live foods such as grindal worms, white worms, Daphnia, Moina, and newly hatch brine shrimp nauplii


Colors and Populations: (33)

Most Common: Agboville, Kutunse'

Raising and Breeding fundulopanchax killifish

Additional Information

      Killifish of the Fundulopanchax genus are those found in the western part of Africa.  Of all of the species in this genus, Garderni are the most abundant and diverse.  


     Gardneri and Filamentosum are species well suited for someone trying their first killifish and their eggs can be water incubated, but still do best if allowed to spend some time in very moist peat before being put into a hatching tray.


     Along with Ap. Lineatus (Golden Wonder) and Aph. Australe, Fp. Gardneri are the most abundantly available killifish in the aquarium hobby.  They are also the easiest and most forgiving, even for those just starting into the aquarium hobby.


    Most species in the Fp. genus are substrate spawners and lay eggs on lower vegetation, but the Fp. Walkeri and Fp. Sjoestedti (Blue Gularis) as an example is strictly a substrate spawner, requiring the eggs be stored in peat moss for about forty-five (45) days, to simulate the dry period of the native environments and then hatched by adding the peat and eggs to a small container of water.  


     Fp. Walkeri eggs will water incubate, but it is best if given 45 days in most peat moss. Therefore these are not recommended as a first killifish, nor for those just starting the aquarium hobby.


    It seems most of the Fundulopanchax species do well if the eggs are allowed to slowly develop in very moist peat moss for 30-45 days before adding more water for hatching.


   Since Gardneri are so easy and forgiving, those who wish to attempt raising African Annuals (Nothobrachius) and the South American Annuals, may wish to practice with Gardneri in storing eggs in peat for about 45 days.

Fundulopanchax Sjoestdti - Loe' 
(Blue Gularis)

Fundulopanchax Sjoestdti - Loe' (Blue Gularis)

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